In Ghana, the system of that ranching widely practiced is the free range type. With this system, a kraal is put in place to house the cattle at night for security reasons. During the day, caretakers take the cattle out into the bush for grazing and drinking water and to return to the kraal in the evenings.
Problems associated with this system
The problem associated with this system of ranching is the conflict between crop farmers and herdsmen every farming season. Nomadic herdsmen always drive their cattle through the crop farms when they are going for grazing, thereby destroying the farms and farmlands which always result in violent confrontation that most times result to serious injuries and death sometimes. Owners of cattle are usually separate from the caretakers and sometimes live far away from the cattle in the cities and do not take part in taking care of the cattle and don’t also know what is happening with their livestock unless they are told. The services of herdsmen, mostly Fulani,a tribe whose main occupation in the country is cattle ranching are employed to help take care of the cattle in the villages. They are found in all parts of the country and most especially the middle and Northern belts of Ghana. The service charge for taking care of the cattle is usually in kind up North; taking care of their health needs, feeding and also allow them milk the cattle to sell as most of the cattle kept in Ghana are for beef. Some also take cash as their monthly payments.
Current ways of identifying and tracking livestock
The current ways livestock owners use to track, identify and health monitor their livestock is the traditional and outdated methods. On identification, they physically identify and count individual animals every morning before they leave for grazing and evenings before they go to sleep, which proves to be tedious and cumbersome. They also use hot metal branding,ear notching and tattooing which is cruel and harmful to the animals and also reduce the value of their hides. On tracking, owners have no means of tracking their livestock offsite, unless they call or visit to see what is going on in the farm. They also lose track of the livestock once they leave for grazing, till they are back to the kraal. So should anything untoward happens, they have no means of detecting. They only rely on what the herdsmen tell them, which sometimes are lies. On health monitoring, they always rely on the physical symptoms that shows in the animal. This method is not efficient and does not allow owners to early detect diseases before its escalation.
Cattle ranching can be a successful business if operations are going on well and losses through cattle rustling(theft)and deaths through undetected diseases are minimized. However, the minimization of deaths through undetected diseases and theft can be achieved through Anitrack Ltd . Anitrack Ltd is a livestock management company based in Accra,Ghana. Their mission is to help reduce cattle theft and deaths through undetected diseases by the use of wearable technology to track the movement and monitor the health status of your livestock and report to you for early detection and action to be taken on your livestock in terms of abnormal temperature and missing/theft of your cattle. They also help link livestock farmers to veterinary services on their platform. their solution help the livestock farmer protect their investment, save precious time and improve security for their livestock. For a successful and efficient cattle ranching, Anitrack Ltd is the best partner you can trust to tag your cattle to help drastically minimize the incidence of cattle theft and deaths through undetected diseases.